## Magnetic Keepers, magnetic lines of force and their properties. Plotting the lines of force Terrestriel magnetism

Magnetic keepers A magnet keeper, also known historically as an armature, is a ferromagnetic bar made from soft iron or steel, which is placed across the poles of a permanent magnet to help preserve the strength of the magnet by completing the magnetic circuit; it is important for magnets that have a low magnetic coercivity, … Read more

## determination of focal length of concave miror by single pin method. [Relation between u-v-f [numerical examples]

Determination of focal length of concave miror by single pin method. [Relation between u-v-f (numerical examples) Spherical mirrors It is a mirror which has the shape of a piece cut out of a spherical surface. Two types of spherical mirrors are; Concave mirror: Its inner concave surface reflects, and has polished outer surface. Convex mirror: … Read more

## General studies of alternating current and direct current

General studies of alternating current and direct current Alternating Current Alternating Current (AC) Alternating current describes the flow of charge that changes direction periodically. As a result, the voltage level also reverses along with the current. AC is used to deliver power to houses, office buildings, etc. AC can be produced using a device called … Read more

## electro magnetic induction, electric motor

Electro magnetic induction When a DC current passes through a long straight conductor a magnetising force, H and a static magnetic field, B is developed around it If the wire is then wound into a coil, the magnetic field is greatly intensified producing a static magnetic field around itself forming the shape of a bar … Read more

## Thermal effect of current it’s use, calculation of power and electrical energy

Thermal effect of current it’s use, calculation of power and electrical energy Spent When an electric current flows through a conductor, electrical energy is expended n over coming the frictional resistance between eh electrons and the molecules of the wire. If potential difference of V volts is applied across a conductor and current of I … Read more

## Electricity and its effects -electric intensity, potential, potential difference

Electricity and its effects -electric intensity, potential, potential difference Electricity is the physical flow of electrons, referred to as an electrical current. Electricity is an energy carrier that efficiently delivers the energy found in primary sources to end users, who in turn convert it into energy services. Electricity can be created in three ways: The … Read more

## Primary and secondary cells their properties and drawback

Primary and secondary cells their properties and drawback Primary Cell Primary cells are those that cannot be recharged and needs to be discarded after the expiration of their lifetime. If the electrolyte is not in liquid form, we are talking about dry cells. Primary cells usually have high energy density, capacity, are slowly to discharge, … Read more

## Electric discharge in gases, discharge tube, cathode rays, X-rays and their properties

Electric discharge in gases Electrical discharge through gases is studied by using a specially designed glass tube commonly called as a discharge tube. It consists of a cylindrical glass tube having a side tube, and two metallic electrodes one at each end. These electrodes can be connected to the respective terminals of a high tension … Read more

## Working principle and use of generator

working principle and use of generator Generator is a machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy. It works based on principle of faraday law of electromagnetic induction. The faradays law states that whenever a conductor is placed in a varying magnetic field, EMF is induced and this induced EMF is equal to the rate … Read more

## Simple telescope and astronomical telescope, Construction working, uses, ray diagram

Simple telescope and astronomical telescope, Construction working, uses, ray diagram Simple telescope A simple working telescope requires nothing more than a pair of lenses mounted in a tube. The lens in front, known as the objective, focuses an image; the lens in back, known as the eyepiece, magnifies the image. Although it may seem like … Read more

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