TRIBES of CHHATTISGARH
- Chhattisgarh, a state that is at the vanguard of Indian industries and also a repository of minerals has a diverse cultural legacy.
- Chhattisgarh and tribal culture are two tautological terms since a third of the state’s populace is dominated by tribals. The tribes of Chhattisgarh are unique race who mainly inhabit the dense forests of Bastar.
- In fact more than 70% of Bastar’s population is composed of tribals who account for 26.76% of Chhattisgarh’s entire tribal populace.
- The lifestyle of the tribal people is unique and imbibed with traditional rituals and superstitions. They are a friendly and jovial lot who are industrious and diligent.
- Although shrouded in poverty, they live life to the hilt and love to celebrate every joyous occasion. Food, drink, music,dance, mirth and merriment add color to their otherwise simple lives.
- The tribal women also love to adorn themselves in ethnic jewelry. One of the Chhattisgarh’s eminent tribes are the Gonds or the Kotoriya tribe.
- The etymological connotation of their name comes from the Telegu term “Kond” meaning hills. The Gonds dominate most of Chhattisgarh’s tribal population and primarily depend upon agriculture, forestry, cottage industries, hunting and fishing for their subsistence.
- The talking point of the lifestyle and culture of the Gond tribals is their Ghotul marriage policy, a one of a kind arrangement for conducting the nuptial rituals.
- Another tribe, the Abuj Maria lives in isolation in the dense and secluded enclaves of the forests of Narayanpur Tehsil in Basir. They are ferocious and barbaric tribe who believe in primitive customs and are hardly tempted by the material pleasures of life.
- Chhattisgarh is a nature lover’s paradise. The state provides a glimpse of central India’s cultural potpourri and of the prevailing lifestyle.
- The tribes of Chhattisgarh are mostly primitive races who faithfully follow all traditional customs and their archetypal age-old ritual.
- The oldest and most populous tribes of Chhattisgarh are the
|Total Population of Chhattisgarh|
|Total Population of ST in Chhattisgarh|
|Percentage of ST population in Chhattisgarh|
|% STs in the State to total ST population in India|
|Sex Ratio in STs (Gender Composition of Scheduled Tribe Population)||1020|
|Literacy Rates of ST Population in State||59.1%|
Total ST in Chhattisgarh that included in Constiturional List of Scheduled tribe by Government of India through President order with Name like
- Bharia Bhumia, Bhuinhar Bhumia, Bhumiya, Bharia, Paliha, Pando
- Bhil, Bhilala, Barela, Patelia
- Bhil Mina
- Biar, Biyar
- Birhul, Birhor
- Damor, Damaria
- Gadaba, Gadba
- Gond, Arakh, Arrakh, Agaria, Asur, Abujh Maria, Badi Maria, Bada Maria, Bhatola, Bhimma, Bhuta, Koliabhuta, Koliabhuti, Bhar, Bisonhorn Maria, Chota Maria, Dandami Maria, Dhuru, Dhurwa, Dhoba, Dhulia, Dorla, Gaiki, Gatta, Gatti, Gaita, Gond Gowari, Hill Maria, Kandra, Kalanga, Khatola, Koitar, Koya, Khirwar, Khirwara, Kucha Maria, Kuchaki Maria, Madia, Maria, Mana, Mannewar, Moghya, Mogia, Monghya, Mudia, Muria, Nagarchi, Nagwanshi, Ojha, Raj, Sonjhari Jhareka, Thatia, Thotya, Wade Maria, Vade Maria, Daroi
- Halba, Halbi
- Kawar, Kanwar, Kaur, Cherwa, Rathia, Tanwar, Chhatri
- Khairwar, Kondar
- Kondh, Khond, Kandh
- Korku, Bopchi, Mouasi, Nihal, Nahul Bondhi, Bondeya
- Korwa, Hill Korwa, Kodaku
- Nagesia, Nagasia
- Oraon, Dhanka, Dhangad
- Pardhan, Pathari, Saroti
- Pardhi, Bahelia, Bahellia, Chita Pardhi, Langoli Pardhi, Phans Pardhi, Shikari, Takankar, Takia
- Bastar, Dantewara, Kanker, Raigarh, Jashpurnagar, Surguja and Koria districts, and
- Katghora, Pali, Kartala and Korba tahsils of Korba district,
- Bilaspur, Pendra, Kota and Takhatpur tahsils of Bilaspur district,
- Durg, Patan Gunderdehi, Dhamdha, Balod, Gurur and Dondilohara tahsils of Durg district,
- Chowki, Manpur and Mohala Revenue Inspector Circles of Rajnandgaon district,
- Mahasamund Saraipali and Basna tahsils of Mahasamund district,
- Bindra-Navagarh Rajim and Deobhog tahsils of Raipur district, and
- Dhamtari, Kurud and Sihava tahsils of Dhamtari district
- Sahariya, Saharia, Seharia, Sehria,
- Sosia, Sor
- Saonta, Saunta
- Sawar, Sawara
The Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)
- Primitive, geographically isolated, shy and socially, educationally & economically backwardness these are the traits that distinguish Scheduled Tribes of our country from other communities.
- Tribal communities live in about 15% of the country’s areas in various ecological and geo-climatic conditions ranging from plains to forests, hills and inaccessible areas.
- Tribal groups are at different stages of social, economic and educational development. While some tribal communities have adopted a mainstream way of life at one end of the spectrum, there are 75 Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs), at the other, who are characterized by
- A pre-agriculture level of technology,
- A stagnant or declining population
- Extremely low literacy and
- A subsistence level of economy.
- There are over 500 tribes (with many overlapping communities in more than one State) as notified under article 342 of the Constitution of India, spread over different States and Union Territories of the country
- The most vulnerable and deprived among STs – the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) – rank the lowest on human development indices among social groups and live in the most inaccessible areas.
- Chhattisgarh has five PVTGs and looking at their vulnerable status two tribes Pando and Bhuiya have been adopted as State PVTGs. Recent assessments have noted an increase in PVTG population from 1.24 lakh to more than 1.5 lakh and a general improvement in their health, education and income standards, including a shift towards stable livelihoods. This has been mainly possible due to the doorstep delivery of basic services like mobile-clinics, health check-up and monitoring camps, educational bridge courses, residential schools and distribution of agriculture kits.
- The increasing prevalence of sickle-cell anaemia among many PVTGs is a cause of great concern and the state will facilitate more state-specific research to address it.
- The Conservation cum Development (CCD) Plans for each PVTG will continue to address specific health issues around mortality reduction, fertility increase, creation of livelihood support infrastructure and innovative interventions that meet the twin-concerns of development and conservation.
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