CGPCS Mains Paper VII

Folk songs of Chhattisgarh

Folk songs of Chhattisgarh Many schedule tribes like Gond, Kamar, Kanver, Korva, Birhi, Baiga, Halba, Pando, Uranv, Binjhwar live in Chhattisgarh. While celebrating various festivals and marriages these tribes indulge in dance and music. Some of the festivals celebrated by the people of Chhattisgarhi like Navakhani, Hareli, Ganga Dushhara, Sarhul Chherka, Dipawali, Karma, Kartika and Dushara. Some of the folk songs of Chhattisgarh are season specific and are sung during specific seasons like Baramasi (12 months), Sawnahi (in rainy seasons) and Fag (Basant Geet). There are some songs, which are sung only during the festivals like Sua songs (Dipawali), Dohe ... Read more

literary, music and art institutions of Chhattisgarh

literary, music and art institutions of Chhattisgarh Indira Arts and Music University, Khairagarh Indira Arts and Music University, Khairagarh, was established in 1956. IKSW is an active member of the Association of Indian Universities (AIU). Any student or scholar from any part of the world can come and stay in the University campus for study or research. The oldest & priceless classical recitals are kept in the Listening Room of the University with utmost care. Students & Scholars of Music, Musicians, Musicologists, Art Critics and Music Promoters make their presence in the campus to acquit the latest and the best ... Read more

Folk theaters in Chhattisgarh

Folk theaters in Chhattisgarh Gammat Theatre and Pandvani Folk Ballads of Chattisgarh Theater is known as Gammat in Chhattisgarh. Pandvani is one of the lyrical forms of this theater. Several acclaimed plays of Habib Tanvir, such as Charandas Chor, are variations of Chhattisgarhi Theater, and heavily use Chhatttisgarhi folk songs and music.  Padavani (Songs of Pandavas) is a folk ballad form performed predominantly in Chhattisgarh. It depicts the story of the Pandavas, the leading characters in the epic Mahabharata with musical accompaniment and Bhima as hero. This form of folk theatre is popular in the State of Chhattisgarh and in ... Read more

Folktales and folk legends of Chhattisgarh

Folktales and folk legends of Chhattisgarh Raja Nal and Mata Damyanti Damayanti chose Nala for her husband in preference to the gods. This angered one of the demigods, Kali. He caused Nala to lose his kingdom and all his possessions. Nala and Damayanti went into the forest, but got separated. They took up work under different kings, hiding their true identity. Dhola Maru In Chhattisgarh version, Dhola is the son of king Nal and mother Damyanti. Dhola in his previous birth is one very beautiful young man who was catching fish in the village pond through angle called ‘gari’ in ... Read more

Prominent saints of chattishgarh

Prominent saints of chattishgarh Vallabha Vallabhacharya (1479–1531 CE), also known as Vallabha, was a devotional philosopher, who founded the Krishna-centered Pushti sect of Vaishnavism in the Braj region of India, and the philosophy of Shuddha advaita. Vallabha was born in a Telugu Brahmin family that had been living in Varanasi, who escaped to the Champaran of Chhattisgarh state while expecting Vallabha, during the turbulent times of Hindu-Muslim conflicts in the late 15th century.Vallabha studied the Vedas and the Upanishads as a child, then travelled throughout the Indian subcontinent over 20 years. He became one of the important leaders of the ... Read more

Tribal Development : History, Programmes and Policies

Tribal welfare administration, Tribal sub plan and Single line administration in Chhattisgarh The tribal areas of Chhattisgarh though sparsely populated continue to receive special attention of the State Government primarily on account of their strategic location and comparative backwardness. The Tribal Sub Plan was started in 1974-75 in the State and entire tribal population was brought under the ambit of the Tribal Sub Plan by 1987-88. The strategy of Tribe sub-plan envisages channelizing an adequate flow of funds are benefits to ST’s from all sectors of development through the Annual Plans of States / UT and the Central Ministries atleast ... Read more

Hindu Dharma: General characteristics and some common beliefs

Hindu Dharma: General characteristics and some common beliefs – Purusharthas– rituals and ethics – festivals and sacred days – pilgrimage and fairs. Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world. It is a religion followed by several racial and ethnic groups. The Hindu sacred texts deal with the ethical behaviour of an individual of a family and of society in general. They also discuss and prescribe rules of administration, politics, statesmanship, legal principles and statecraft. Hinduism, the world’s oldest religion, has no beginning–it precedes recorded history. It has no human founder. It is a mystical religion, leading the ... Read more

Indian Social Problems

Eradication of Social and religious wrongs Social and Religious Issues Social issues (also social problem, social evil, and social conflict) refers to any undesirable condition that is opposed either by the whole society or by a section of the society. It is an unwanted social condition, often objectionable, the continuance of which is harmful for the society. India is facing a large number of social issues such as caste system, child labour, illiteracy, gender inequality, superstitions, religious conflicts, and many more. It is high time that the society gets relief from these undesirable social evils. Major Social Issues: Caste system ... Read more

Sociology- Meaning, Scope and nature, Importance of its study. Relation with other Social Sciences

Sociology- Meaning, Scope and nature, Importance of its study. Relation with other Social Sciences Sociology is a discipline in social sciences concerned with the human society and human social activities. It is one of the youngest social sciences. Auguste Comte, a French social thinker, is traditionally known as the ‘Father of Sociology’ as he coined the term ‘Sociology’ in 1839. Scope of Sociology Scope means the subject matter or the areas of study or the boundaries of a subject. What we have to study in a particular subject is known as its scope. Every science has its own field of ... Read more

Society, Community, Association, Institution, Social group, Folkways and Mores

Society, Community, Association, Institution, Social group, Folkways and Mores Society society is an organization of people whose associations are with one another. MacIver describes society as a web of relationships. There are a number of definitions of society. Most of them point to the following characteristics of society. The first condition for calling a set of individuals a society is the awareness among them about each other. It is only when individuals are aware about the presence of others that they can form a social relationship. Any two individuals or qbjects arq ; said to be in relation with each ... Read more