CGPSC Mains-IV

Changes in the role of Public sector and Private Sectors

Public sector has played an important role in achieving industrial self reliance. Iron and steel, railway equipment, petroleum, coal and fertilizer industries, have been developed in this sector. These industries were established in industrially backward regions. During the seventh five year plan an emphasis was laid on high technology, high value addition and knowledge based industries like electronics, advanced machine tools and telecommunications. After independence, systematic industrial planning under different five year plans helped in establishing a large number of heavy and medium industries. The main thrust of the industrial policy was to remove regional imbalances and to introduce diversification ... Read more

Poverty and Unemployment

Assessment of the growth experience: Poverty and Unemployment Poverty and unemployment are closely related High poverty has a multiplier effect on quality of life, deprivation, malnutrition, illiteracy and low human resource development. Poverty Poverty lines Normative nutritional requirement per person per day at some base point. This is debated 2400 cal (rural), 2100 cal (urban) Nutrient requirement then needs to be translated to monetary terms. Poverty has declined as per NSSO estimates. However, recent committees like the Tendulkar committee have reviewed the methodology of measuring poverty and concluded that poverty levels are much higher than those presented through the NSSO ... Read more