SOCIAL AUDIT

 SOCIAL AUDIT     “Social auditing is defined as a systematic attempt to identify, analyse, measure (if possible), evaluate, and monitor the effect of an organisation’s operations on society (that is, specific social groups) and on the public well-being.”   Social audit as a term was used as far back as the 1950s. … Read more

Resposiblity Accounting

 RESPONSIBILITY ACCOUNTING   Responsibility accounting is a management control system based on the principles of delegating and locating responsibility. The authority is delegated on responsibility centre and accounting for the responsibility centre. Responsibility accounting is a system under which managers are given decisions making authority and responsibility for each activity occurring within a … Read more

POSD CORB

 POSD CORB POSDCORB is an acronym which means Planning, Organizing, Staffing, Directing, Coordinating, Reporting and Budgeting which was first coined in a paper on administrative management that was written for the Brownlow Committee by Luther Gulick and Lyndall Urwick. POSDCORB can be used as a systematic framework for efficiently executing business processes in … Read more

PERFORMANCE & EFFICIENCY AUDITING

 PERFORMANCE AUDIT     Meaning   An independent examination of the efficiency and effectiveness of government undertakings, programs or organisations, with due regard to economy, and the aim of leading to improvements”.   Performance audit is simply an audit of sound financial management, namely of the economy, efficiency and effectiveness with which audited … Read more

PDCA Cycle

 PDCA Cycle Plan, Do, Check, Act (PDCA)  is a well-known and respected approach to helping teams plan and implement a solution to a problem, often testing it on a micro scale and reviewing the results before agreeing how to proceed. PDCA encourages an engaged, problem-solving workforce – the method is not limited to … Read more

Motives

 BEHAVIOR : LEARNING AND MOTIVATION     Classification and types of motives, Theories of work motivation, Assessment of motivation     A need or motive directs us to act or behave in a particular way towards a certain goal or in other terms “It indicates the inner state of mind that energizes, activates … Read more

Management Marketing

 MARKETING MANAGEMENT   Marketing Management is a social and managerial process by which individuals or firms obtain what they need or want through creating, offering, exchanging products of value with each others.   CORE CONCEPTS OF MARKETING   NEED/ WANT/ DEMAND:   Need: It is state of deprivation of some basic satisfaction.   … Read more

Management Mktg 4ps

 MARKETING MIX     Marketing involves a number of activities. To begin with, an organisation may decide on its target group of customers to be served. Once the target group is decided, the product is to be placed in the market by providing the appropriate product, price, distribution and promotional efforts. These are … Read more

Management Intro

 MANAGEMENT     Management is a process of designing and maintaining an environment in which individuals, working together in groups, accomplish selected aims. In other words,” It is the accomplishment of Goals through others.” Management has been used in different senses. Sometimes it refers to the process of planning, organizing, staffing, directing, coordinating … Read more

MGMT PLANNING

 FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT   PLANNING Planning is a process of determination of organization’s objectives and selecting the courses of actions. i.e. Plans for attaining them. Planning is the primary or basic management function.   Planning Process                                 Types/Dimensions … Read more

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