Important Notes & Rules of Pronoun
Generally (but not always) pronouns stand for (pro + noun), a word that takes the place of or refers to a noun.
Subjective case pronouns are pronouns that act as subjects of sentences. It includes (I, you, he, she, and it, we, they).
- I am your Friend.
- She is my girlfriend.
Objective case pronouns, are pronouns that act as objects of sentences. It includes (me, you, him, her, and it, us, them).
- Will you meet us in the movie theatre?
- Return this book to him.
Possessive pronoun forms (mine, yours, ours, theirs).
- This book is mine.
- Mineis newer than yours.
Demonstratives pronoun (this/that/these/those/such) can behave either as pronouns or as determiners.
As pronouns, they identify or point to nouns.
- That is incredible! (referring to something you just saw)
- I will never forget this. (referring to a recent experience)
- Such is my belief. (referring to an explanation just made)
As determiners, they modify a noun and act as adjectives.
- These cookies are delicious.
- Those pastries were even better.
The relative pronouns (who/whoever/which/that) relate groups of words to nouns or other pronouns.
- The student whostudies hardest usually does the best.
The indefinite pronouns (everybody/anybody/somebody/all/each/every/some/none/one) do not substitute nouns but function themselves as nouns.
- Everyonewas dumbstruck by the illusion created by the magician.
- Someone stole my purse.
NOTE: Indefinite pronoun takes a singular verb.
The reciprocal pronouns are each other and one another.
Each other is used when referring to two persons.
- My mother and I give each othera good time.
If more than two people are involved one another is used.
- We should love one another.
Reciprocal pronouns can also take possessive forms:
- They borrowed each other’s ideas.
- The scientists in the lab often use one another’s equipment.
The Reflexive pronouns are (myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, oneself, ourselves, yourselves, and themselves.)
- Go to the party and enjoy yourself.
Some rules of correct usage of Pronoun
- When there are more than two pronouns in the same sentence they should be arranged in second person, third person then First person if the sentence indicates positive sense.
- You, he & I have tried our best to win the game.
- You & Rajesh have wasted your
But if sentence indicates negative sense then it should be arranged in First person, second person then Third person.
- I, you & he have cheated in the exam.
- You & he are responsible for this theft.
- The pronouns who, that and which become singular or plural depending on the subject. If the subject is singular, use a singular verb. If it is plural, use a plural verb.
- He is the only one of those employees who is always on time. (means he is the only person reaching on time)
The word who refers to one (of those employees). Therefore, we use singular verb is.
- He is one of those men who are always on time. (means there are many persons reaching on time, he is one of those)
The word who refers to men. Therefore, we use the plural verb are.
- Pronouns that are singular (I, he, she, everyone, everybody, anyone, anybody, no one, nobody, someone, somebody, each, either, neither,etc.) require singular verbs.
Each, either, and neither, followed by of always take singular verbs.
- Each of the girls sings
- Either of us iscan do the job.
- Neither of them isavailable to make the statement.
Exception: When each follows a noun or pronoun in certain sentences, we use pronoun and verb according to real subject.
- The men gave his signature. (Replace his with their).
Here, each is not the subject, but rather an adjunct describing the true subject (men).
- The possessive pronouns yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs and whose never have apostrophes.
- It is wrong to write your’s truly. Instead it should be yours truly
- Reflexive pronouns are used when both the subject and the object of a verb are the same person or thing.
For example there is a sentence “Raj helped.” This is incomplete as it doesn’t say anything about the person who was helped. Again, Raj helped raj, here repetition of raj is creating the confusion as whether it is the same person or different. So we say:
- Raj helped himself.
– If the object of a preposition refers to a previous noun or pronoun, we use a reflexive pronoun:
- Raj bought it on himself.
- I worked for myself.
The object himself & myself is the same person as the subject Raj & I.
- My brother and myself did it. (Replace myself with i)
Don’t use myself unless the pronoun I or me precedes it in the sentence.
– In certain cases, a reflexive pronoun may come first.
- Doubting himself, the man proceeded cautiously.
– When pronouns are combined, the reflexive will take either the first person
- Raju, Madan, and I have deceived ourselves into believing in Mohan.
or, when there is no first person, the second person:
- You and Raj have deceived yourselves.
- Verb & Preposition are followed by objective case of pronoun.
- Let they go. (replace they with them)
- She is teaching Rohit & he. (Replace he with him)
- Singular pronouns must stay singular throughout the sentence.
- Someone has to do it and they have to do it well. ( Replace they have with has)
Someone is singular, but they is plural.
- Both should be followed by “and”.
- Both you as well as Raju are going to Chennai. (Replace as well as with and)
Avoid using negative with both.
- Both of them are not going tomorrow (Replace both with neither and remove not)
- If two identical parts of speech are connected with either…or/neither…nor/not only…but also we use verb and pronoun according to the nearest subject.
- Neither the house nor its contents is for sale. (replace is with are)
- Either he or you are responsible for this mess. (exchange the place of he and you & replace are with is)
Table of Pronoun
Write the correct possessive pronoun for each sentence:
EX: That car belongs to me. That car is mine.
1. That book belongs to those kids. That book is .
2. This bicycle belongs to my neighbor Bill. This bicycle is .
3. This scarf belongs to my aunt Tina. This scarf is .
4. This toy belongs to you. This toy is .
5. This apartment belongs to me and my cousin. This apartment is .
6. These mittens belong to my mother. These mittens are .
7. Those cookies belong to my sister’s friends. Those cookies are .
8. These suitcases belong to you and your wife. These suitcases are .
9. That pillow belongs to me. That pillow is .
10. That lamp belongs to my aunt and uncle. That lamp is .
Replace the bold word(s) with the correct pronoun (I, you, we, they, it, she, or he):
1. My uncle lives in Mexico City. lives in Mexico City.
2. My friends aren’t coming. aren’t coming.
3. Mrs. Wong is studying English. is studying English.
4. You and I have to talk about the test. have to talk about the test.
5. Can you help me? Yes, can help you.
6. The tree is going to fall. is going to fall.
7. John and Robert had an argument. had an argument.
8. Jim and I are the same age. are the same age.
9. My passport is in my bag. is in my bag.
10. My cousin George just graduated from high school. just graduated from high school.