Introduction:
There are four main directions – East, West, North and South as shown below:
There are four cardinal directions – NorthEast (NE), NorthWest (NW), SouthEast (SE), and SouthWest (SW) as shown below:
Key points
 At the time of sunrise if a man stands facing the east, his shadow will be towards west.
 At the time of sunset the shadow of an object is always in the east.
 If a man stands facing the North, at the time of sunrise his shadow will be towards his left and at the time of sunset it will be towards his right.
 At 12:00 noon, the rays of the sun are vertically downward hence there will be no shadow
Practice Questions
Type 1:
Siva starting from his house, goes 5 km in the East, then he turns to his left and goes 4 km. Finally he turns to his left and goes 5 km. Now how far is he from his house and in what direction?
Solution:
From third position it is clear he is 4 km from his house and is in North direction.
Type 2:
Suresh starting from his house, goes 4 km in the East, then he turns to his right and goes 3 km. What minimum distance will be covered by him to come back to his house?
Solution:
Type 3:
One morning after sunrise Juhi while going to school met Lalli at Boring road crossing. Lalli’s shadow was exactly to the right of Juhi. If they were face to face, which direction was Juhi facing?
Solution: In the morning sunrises in the east.
So in morning the shadow falls towards the west.
Now Lalli’s shadow falls to the right of the Juhi. Hence Juhi is facing South.
Type 4: Hema starting from her house walked 5 km to reach the crossing of Palace. In which direction she was going, a road opposite to this direction goes to Hospital. The road to the right goes to station. If the road which goes to station is just opposite to the road which ITPark, then in which direction to Hema is the road which goes to ITPark?
Solution:
From II it is clear that the road which goes to ITPark is left to Hema.
Questions
Level1
1.  One morning Udai and Vishal were talking to each other face to face at a crossing. If Vishal’s shadow was exactly to the left of Udai, which direction was Udai facing?  

2.  Y is in the East of X which is in the North of Z. If P is in the South of Z, then in which direction of Y, is P?  

3.  If SouthEast becomes North, NorthEast becomes West and so on. What will West become?  

4.  A man walks 5 km toward south and then turns to the right. After walking 3 km he turns to the left and walks 5 km. Now in which direction is he from the starting place?  

5.  Rahul put his timepiece on the table in such a way that at 6 P.M. hour hand points to North. In which direction the minute hand will point at 9.15 P.M. ?  
 
6.  Rasik walked 20 m towards north. Then he turned right and walks 30 m. Then he turns right and walks 35 m. Then he turns left and walks 15 m. Finally he turns left and walks 15 m. In which direction and how many metres is he from the starting position?  

7.  Two cars start from the opposite places of a main road, 150 km apart. First car runs for 25 km and takes a right turn and then runs 15 km. It then turns left and then runs for another 25 km and then takes the direction back to reach the main road. In the mean time, due to minor break down the other car has run only 35 km along the main road. What would be the distance between two cars at this point?  

8.  Starting from the point X, Jayant walked 15 m towards west. He turned left and walked 20 m. He then turned left and walked 15 m. After this he turned to his right and walked 12 m. How far and in which directions is now Jayant from X?  

9.  One evening before sunset Rekha and Hema were talking to each other face to face. If Hema’s shadow was exactly to the right of Hema, which direction was Rekha facing?  

10.  A boy rode his bicycle Northward, then turned left and rode 1 km and again turned left and rode 2 km. He found himself 1 km west of his starting point. How far did he ride northward initially?  

Answers:
1Answer: Option C
Explanation:
2Answer: Option D
Explanation:
P is in SouthWest of Y.
3Answer: Option C
Explanation:
It is clear from the diagrams that new name of West will become SouthEast.
4Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Hence required direction is SouthWest.
5Answer: Option D
Explanation:
At 9.15 P.M., the minute hand will point towards west.
6Answer: Option D
Explanation:
7Answer: Option A
Explanation:
8Answer: Option A
Explanation:
9Answer: Option B
Explanation:
In the evening sun sets in West. Hence then any shadow falls in the East. Since Hema’s shadow was to the right of Hema. Hence Rekha was facing towards South.
10Answer: Option B
Explanation:
The boy rode 2 km. Northward
Level – 2
Dev, Kumar, Nilesh, Ankur and Pintu are standing facing to the North in a playground such as given below:
 Kumar is at 40 m to the right of Ankur.
 Dev is are 60 m in the south of Kumar.
 Nilesh is at a distance of 25 m in the west of Ankur.
 Pintu is at a distance of 90 m in the North of Dev
1.  Which one is in the NorthEast of the person who is to the left of Kumar?  

2.  If a boy starting from Nilesh, met to Ankur and then to Kumar and after this he to Dev and then to Pintu and whole the time he walked in a straight line, then how much total distance did he cover?  

Directions to Solve
Each of the following questions is based on the following information:
 Six flats on a floor in two rows facing North and South are allotted to P, Q, R, S, T and U.
 Q gets a North facing flat and is not next to S.
 S and U get diagonally opposite flats.
 R next to U, gets a south facing flat and T gets North facing flat.
3.  If the flats of P and T are interchanged then whose flat will be next to that of U?  

4.  Which of the following combination get south facing flats?  

5.  The flats of which of the other pair than SU, is diagonally opposite to each other?  
 
6.  Whose flat is between Q and S?  

Directions to Solve
Each of the following questions is based on the following information:
 8trees → mango, guava, papaya, pomegranate, lemon, banana, raspberry and apple are in two rows 4 in each facing North and South.
 Lemon is between mango and apple but just opposite to guava.
 Banana is at one end of a line and is just next in the right of guava or either banana tree is just after guava tree.
 Raspberry tree which at one end of a line, is just diagonally opposite to mango tree.
7 .Which of the following statements is definitely true?  

8  Which tree is just opposite to raspberry tree?  
 
9  Which tree is just opposite to banana tree?  

Answer: 1 Option D
Explanation:
Ankur is in the left of Kumar. Hence Pintu is in NorthEast of Ankur
Answer: 2 Option A
Explanation:
Required distance = 25 m + 40 m + 60 m + 90 m
Required distance = 215 m
Answer:3 Option C
Explanation:
Hence flat R will be next to U.
Answer:4 Option C
Explanation:
Hence URP flat combination get south facing flats.
Answer:5 Option A
Explanation:
Hence QP is diagonally opposite to each other.
Answer:6 Option A
Explanation:
Hence flat T is between Q and S.
Answer: 7 Option B
Explanation:
Answer:8 Option C
Explanation:
Answer:9 Option A
Explanation:
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