09.03.22 CGPSC Daily Current Affairs

CHHATTISGARH

 

Chhattisgarh budget: Old Pension Scheme makes comeback, farm labourers to get increased support

 

Chhattisgarh will restore the old pension scheme for the state government employees, waive examination fee for competitive exams organised by the state and increase payouts under the Rajiv Gandhi BhoomiheenKrishiMazdoorNyayYojana to Rs 7,000, chief minister Bhupesh Baghel said while presenting the state budget for 2022-23 in Raipur.

Baghel also promised free electricity to farmers in a budget that breached an allocation of Rs 1 lakh crore for the next fiscal.

The Old Pension Scheme, the implementation of which Baghel had agreed to consider following an internal party huddle with leaders Rahul Gandhi and Priyanka Gandhi Vadra last month, is a crucial announcement that provides social and economic security to the employees of the state. The old scheme will replace the New Pension Scheme (NPS) for employees appointed on and after January 1, 2004, and will benefit about three lakh employees of the state.

Following through on his promise to implement the ‘Chhattisgarh model’ of development that puts the rural economy at the heart of all development initiatives, Baghel’s budget also raised payouts under the Rajiv Gandhi BhoomiheenKrishiMazdoorNyayYojana from Rs 6,000 to Rs 7,000 per month.

 

Baghel, who made a statement by carrying the state budget in a briefcase fashioned out of by-products of cow dung also announced on Tuesday that ‘Gothans’, cow sheds and agri-processing hubs, will be developed as Mahatma Gandhi Rural Industrial Park. He said processing units will be set up for value addition of local food products and minor forest produce.

As a part of this initiative, assistance will be also given to local youth for setting up small and cottage industries related to bamboo and wooden crafts, metal crafts and other handicrafts.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

ESA Vigil

 

It’s the first of its kind mission, with the aim of monitoring the unpredictable and active Sun and help protect the Earth from its outbursts.

ESA Vigil will be the first of its kind. By keeping an eagle eye on the ‘side’ of the Sun, the spacecraft will stream a constant feed of near real-time data on potentially hazardous solar activity, before it rolls into view from Earth.

 

The mission will give us advance warning of oncoming solar storms and therefore more time to protect spacecraft in orbit, infrastructure on the ground and explorers now and in the future, unshielded by Earth’s magnetic field and vulnerable to our star’s violent outbursts.

 

All Indians head back from Ukrainian cities

By March 8, almost all Indians were evacuated from Ukraine, under a special effort codenamed Operation Ganga, starting from February 24, when the invasion began.  The last of the stranded Indians, from Sumy University, have also been evacuated to safety in neighbouring Poland, Romania etc.

 

This was possible with support from the Russian and Ukraine governments under the `Green Corridor’ facility they have jointly arranged.

 

NATIONAL

 

Param Ganga: Made-in-India Petascale Supercomputer Installed at IIT Roorkee

 

A Made in India Petascale Supercomputer “PARAM Ganga” has been installed at IIT Roorkee on Monday by B.V.R. Mohan Reddy, Chairman, Board of Governors, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee. The establishment of 1.66 PFLOPS (Peta Floating-Point Operations Per Second) supercomputing at IIT Roorkee by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC) has been built under the approach of the National Supercomputing Mission (NSM).

 

The new high-performance computational (HPC) facility would aid researchers to solve complex problems of national importance and global significance. The new HPC infrastructure will serve as an essential compute environment for the modern-day research along with their theoretical and experimental work.”

 

 

 

 

Karewas

“Vudr” is the local name for Karewas in Kashmiri language.

In the Kashmiri dialect, the term Karewa means “elevated table land”.

Firstly, this term was used by Godwin Austin in 1859 and later on by Lydekker in 1878 for unconsolidated to semi-consolidated sand clay conglomerate sequence.

Karewas are the thick deposits of glacial clay and other materials embedded with moraines. These are unconsolidated lacustrine deposits. Lacustrine means “associated with lakes”

 

 

Labour Ministry launches ‘Donate-a-Pension’ initiative

 

Union Labour and Employment Minister Bhupender Yadav launched the ‘Donate-a-Pension’ programme under Pradhan MantriShram Yogi Maan-Dhan (PM-SYM) for people to contribute to the pension fund of their support staff.

It is an initiative under (PM-SYM) pension scheme where citizens can donate the premium contribution of their immediate support staff such as domestic workers, drivers, helpers etc,

The ‘Donate-a-Pension’ programme which was launched today is part of many initiatives by the Labour Ministry to be launched in the ‘Iconic Week’ being celebrated by the Ministry from March 7 to 13.

 

 

The objective of National Youth Parliament Festival is to hear the voice of youth between 18 and less than 25 years of age, who will join various careers in coming years, including public services.National Youth Parliament Festival (NYPF) is based on the idea given by Prime Minister in his Mann Ki Baat Address on 31st December 2017.

 

Taking inspiration from the idea of  Prime Minister, the first NYPF 2019 was organised from 12 January to 27 February 2019 at District, State & National level with the theme “Be the Voice of New India and Find solutions and Contribute to Policy”.

 

National Youth Festival is celebrated every year from 12th to 16th January. 12th January being the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda, is observed as National Youth Day. This year, NYPF is also being organized along with the National Youth Festival.

 

Scientist develop energy- efficient hydrogen production by urea electrolysis

Indian Scientists have designed an electrocatalyst system for energy-efficient hydrogen production with the help of electrolysis of urea. The urea electrolysis is helpful towards urea-based waste treatment with low-cost hydrogen production. This can be utilized for energy production towards our country’s benefits.

The energy requirement for production of hydrogen through water electrolysis can be reduced by 70 % through urea electrolysis. The energy-intensive counterpart of water splitting, oxygen evolution, can be replaced with urea oxidation in urea electrolysis. The low-cost, earth-abundant Ni-based catalysts are widely applied for this process. The main challenge associated with urea oxidation is retaining the prolonged activity of the catalyst as the strong adsorption of the reactive intermediate (COx) on the active site, referred to as catalyst poisoning, causes activity loss.

 

CGPCS Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for CGPCS Prelims and CGPCS Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by CGPCS Notes are as follows:-