Major Armed Uprising

WahabiShah Abdul Aziz & Saiyed Ahmad Raebarelvi. Objective was to reform the Muslim
Movementsociety& convert ‘Dur-ul-Harb’ (Non-Islamic community) into ‘Dar-ul-Islam’.
 Origianlly the movement was started in Arabia by Muhammad Ibn-Aba-e-Wahid.
 Its main centre was Patna, Sittana (NW province).
KukaBhai Ram Singh (Disciple of Bhai Balak Singh). It is also called Namdhari Mission.
MovementBhai Ram Singh asked his followers to worship cow & run langars, wear white clothes
 & not use any foreign commodity or service. Bhai Ram Singh was deported to Burma.
SanthalSiddhu, Khanhu, Chand & Bhareo (four sons of Chulu Santhal of Raj Mahal district).
RebellionUnder the Permanent Settlement of 1793 the lands of Santhal passed to Zamidars &
1855-56later to European Indigo planters. 10,000 santhals were killed in this rebellion. After
 this the area was put under the direct control of the Governor General & was named
 Santhal Paragana.

Vasudeo Balwant Phadke was born in Maharashtra. He left the army & became a revolutionary. Later deported to Aden & died in 1883. He may be justly called the father of militant nationalism in India.

 

KisanLaunched by Lala Lajpat Rai & Ajit Singh. The passing of the 1906 Punjab Land
MovementsRevenue Act & heavy increase in water tax caused panic. The poem of Banke Dayal,
 ‘Pagri Sambhal O Jatta’ became famous. Lala & Ajit Singh were sentenced to 6 months
 prison. Later the DSP of Layalpur Clough was assassinated. Ajit Singh escaped to
 France while Bhai Parmanand’s house search yielded a book on bomb making.
MoplahKhilafat movement in Malabar incited communal feelings in Muslim peasants directed
Rebelliontowards Hindu land holders.
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