British

Bureaucracy

In ancient and medieval India, there was monarchical form of government and the general administration was run by people having near or distant relationship with the King instead of dedicated bureaucracy . But gradually the administration assumed complexities and this required specialist knowledge.The British rulers established a new form of administration analogous to their own administrative system. The purpose of British administration in India was to establish law and order and to collect revenue. Max Weber described bureaucracy as rational and the most efficient form of organisation. He described an ideal-type of bureaucracy as one characterized by: 1. Officials organised ... Read more

Chhattisgarh under the Marathas

In 1742, Maratha Commander Bhasker Pant attacked this area and finishedHaihai dynasty. In the changing historic events Bhasker Pant was murderedbrutaly in Cuttack and Raghunath Singh once again became free frommarathas. Mohan Singh was seated on the throne and who ruled till 1758. In 1745 A.D. after conquering the region by Maratha, they deposed Raghunath Singhji, the last surviving member of the Ratanpur house. In 1758, the Marathas finally annexed Chhattisgarh, it came directly under Maratha rule and Bimbaji Bhonsle, was appointed the rule. After death of Bimbaji Bhonsle, the Marathas adopted the Suba system. The Maratha rule was a period ... Read more

Social Processes – Social Interaction, Co-operation, Struggle, Competition

Social Processes – Social Interaction, Co-operation, Struggle, Competition Social processes are the ways in which individuals and groups interact, adjust and readjust and establish relationships and pattern of behaviour which are again modified through social interactions. The concept of social process refers to some of the general and recurrent forms that social interaction may take. The interaction or mutual activity is the essence of social life. Interaction between individuals and groups occurs in the form of social process. Social processes refers to forms of social interaction that occur again and again. Types of Social Processes There are hundreds of social ... Read more

Social Stratification – Caste and Class. Social Processes

Caste ,Class & Occupation The caste system is a classification of people into four hierarchically ranked castes called varnas. They are classified according to occupation and determine access to wealth, power, and privilege. The Brahmans, usually priests and scholars, are at the top. Next are the Kshatriyas, or political rulers and soldiers. They are followed by the Vaishyas, or merchants, and the fourth are the Shudras, who are usually laborers, peasants, artisans, and servants. At the very bottom are those considered the untouchables. These individuals perform occupations that are considered unclean and polluting, such as scavenging and skinning dead animals ... Read more

Hinduism

Hindu sects: Hinduism as a federation of various sects – Shaiva, Vaishnava and Shakta Hinduism is a complex religion. It is an artificial collection of several traditions that originated in India in the last few millenniums. Since, the Muslim and British rulers and scholars alike were ignorant of the native traditions, they grouped everything under the generic name Hinduism to contrast them with their own beliefs and practices. Thus the name, Hinduism, came to say. But a close examination of Hinduism reveals that it has many sects and teacher traditions, with large following, which can be treated as religions themselves. ... Read more

29-30.04.18 (CGPCS) Chhattisgarh Current Affairs

CHHATTISGARH 38 items filed in c’garh with investment worth rs 2,483 cr in 2017   A total of 38 Industrial Entrepreneurs Memorandum (IEM) were filed in Chhattisgarh with total investment of Rs 2,483 crore as on December 31, 2017.   This was compared to 50 IEMs filed with proposed investment of Rs 11,853 crores during 2016-17, as per the annual report 2017-18 of the Department of Industrial Promotion and Policy (DIPP).   A total of five Industrial Entrepreneurship Memorandum (IEM) (Part B) form were filed by the entrepreneurs for setting up projects and commencement of production in Chhattisgarh involving proposed  ... Read more

Administrative Reforms

Why is Administrative Reforms needed? Technological change Advances in industrialisation Growth in the number and complexity of governmental activities Changes in social, political and economic spheres of life All above have created extraordinary strains on the traditional machinery of the government Obsolescence of institutions, roles, procedures and processes in the government What are ways through which Administrative Reforms are done? There are three forms Traditional Approach: let the problem arise and then place a competent person to solve it. Aka Management process Committee Process: appoint ad hoc committee. Like the Hoover Commission in US and ARC in India Setting up ... Read more

22-23.04.18 (CGPCS) Chhattisgarh Current Affairs

CHHATTISGARH Centre may apply for adb loan for c’garh road connectivity   The Central Government is planning to apply for a loan from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) for the Chhattisgarh Road Connectivity Project , official sources informed.   The project will improve road connectivity in the state of Chhattisgarh by rehabilitating and upgrading state highways and major district roads (MDRs) with an aggregate length of about 900 km. The project will also include enhancements on road maintenance, road safety, and innovations. A project implementation unit, established under the State PWD will implement the project.   Notably, PWD Minister Rajesh ... Read more

21.04.18 (CGPCS) Chhattisgarh Current Affairs

CHHATTISGARH C’garh among 7 states to submit plan for tech education   Seven States including Chhattisgarh with a vision to rationalising the approval process of technical institutes have submitted plans to the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)  which has approved preparation of perspective plan for Technical Education at State level, the Central Government has informed.   The other States are Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Telangana which have submitted their plans to AICTE.   AICTE doesn’t close down the Engineering Colleges on its own. However, some engineering colleges have been granted approval for closure by AICTE based ... Read more

Lokpal and Lok Ayukta

Lokpal and Redressel of Citizens grievances:- Introduction: The central theme of democracy is that the ruler is accountable to the rules of all sorts of activities and policies. This has arisen due to the fact that the modern states are populous. Because of this and other reasons the direct democracy of ancient Greek city-states or of the Rousseauist model is out of question. Direct democracy may be inapplicable. But people’s grievances against the ruler cannot be ignored.   This view has come from the basic idea that the ruler or authority must explain to the people for any failure or ... Read more