elements

06.06.18 (CGPCS) Chhattisgarh Current Affairs

CHHATTISGARH Subsidised rice scheme will never be stopped: raman   Chief Minister Raman Singh said that subsidized rice scheme of the Chhattisgarh Government will never be discontinued as it is  State’s most ambitious project .   He was addressing a massive public meeting at Manpur in Rajnandgaon district as a part of his ongoing State-wide Vikas Yatra.   He also transferred paddy bonus worth Rs 15 .89 crore to about 17 694 farmers online.   Singh said that by the time farmers reach their destinations, the amount of paddy bonus will be transferred to their bank accounts.   He also ... Read more

Some important chemcial compounds – properties and uses.

Compounds are defined as substances composed of two or more different elements that are chemically combined. Both salt and water are compounds. Some important chemical compound and their uses are as follows:- NaCl sodium chloride (table salt, used in solutions for contact lens) ZnO zinc oxide (used in some sunscreens and diaper rash ointment) NaF sodium fluoride (active ingredient in toothpaste) SeS selenium sulfide (in selsium blue shampoo) NaNO2 sodium nitrite (preservation in meat such as bacon) NaClO sodium hypochlorite (bleach) N2O dinitrogen oxide (laughing gas used for some dental work) Baking powder NaHCO3; sodium bicarbonate Used for baking for ... Read more

The doctrine of the separation of powers

The doctrine of the separation of powers finds its roots in the ancient world, where the concepts of governmental functions, and the theories of mixed and balanced government, were evolved. These were essential elements in the development of the doctrine of the separation of powers. Their transmission through medieval writings, to provide the basis of the ideas of constitutionalism In England, enabled the doctrine of the separation of powers to emerge as an alternative, but closely related, formulation of the proper articulation of the parts of government. The power to govern should be distributed between the Parliament, the Executive and ... Read more

Social Processes – Social Interaction, Co-operation, Struggle, Competition

Social Processes – Social Interaction, Co-operation, Struggle, Competition Social processes are the ways in which individuals and groups interact, adjust and readjust and establish relationships and pattern of behaviour which are again modified through social interactions. The concept of social process refers to some of the general and recurrent forms that social interaction may take. The interaction or mutual activity is the essence of social life. Interaction between individuals and groups occurs in the form of social process. Social processes refers to forms of social interaction that occur again and again. Types of Social Processes There are hundreds of social ... Read more

Social disorganization-Anomie and Alienation

Social disorganization-Anomie and Alienation The social disorganization theory is one of the most important theories developed by the Chicago School, related to ecological theories. The theory directly links crime rates to neighborhood ecological characteristics; a core principle of social disorganization theory is that place matters. In other words, a person’s residential location is a substantial factor shaping the likelihood that that person will become involved in illegal activities. The theory suggests that, among determinants of a person’s later illegal activity, residential location is as significant as or more significant than the person’s individual characteristics (e.g., age, gender, or race). For ... Read more

Social Control and Social Change – Sources and agencies of Social Control, Processes and factors of Social Change

Social Control and Social Change – Sources and agencies of Social Control, Processes and factors of Social Change Society is a collectivity of groups and individuals. It exists for the welfare and advancement of the whole. The mutuality, on which it depends, is possible to sustain by adjustment of varied and contradictory interests. The structure pattern continues to exist because of its inbuilt mechanism and sanction system. Social control which implies the social intercourse is regulated in accordance with established and recognised standards, is comprehensive, omnipotent and effective to stimulate order, discipline and mutuality; and to discourage, and if need ... Read more

Current Science & Technology developments in India

Current Science & Technology developments in India Science and Technology hold the key to the progress and development of any nation. Technology plays a Fundamental role in wealth creation, improvement of the quality of life and real economic growth and transformation in any society. The role of Science and Technology in our daily life is altering the way people live, behave, and communicate with profound effects on economic development. Science and Technology are now the key elements to development as the scientific revolutions reinforce economic progress, infrastructure and improve health and education system Innovation is the primary key to the ... Read more

Right to information act 2005

Information sharing and transparency in government and Right to information act 2005 Transparency and accountability in administration as the sine qua non of participatory democracy, gained recognition as the new commitments of the state towards its citizens. It is considered imperative to enlist the support and participation of citizens in management of public services. Traditionally, participation in political and economic processes and the ability to make informed choices has been restricted to a small elite in India. Consultation on important policy matters, even when they directly concern the people was rarely the practice. Information-sharing being limited, the consultative process was ... Read more

FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT- DIRECTION (Communication,Supervision,Motivation,Leadership)

FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT- DIRECTION (Communication,Supervision,Motivation,Leadership)   Directing is concerned with instructing, guiding, supervising and inspiring people in the organisation to achieve its objectives. It is the process of telling people what to do and seeing that they do it in the best possible manner.   Elements in Directing: The four essential elements in Directing are :   Communication Supervision Motivation Leadership     COMMUNICATION   Communication is a basic organisational function, which refers to the process by which a person (known as sender) transmits information or messages to another person (known as receiver). The purpose of communication in organisations is ... Read more

Organization- Principles, Approaches, structure

FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT – ORGANIZING   Organizing is the process of identification and grouping of activities, assigning duties and delegating authority to the managers, allocating necessary resources and establishing coordination among individuals and department of an organization with a view to attain its objectives.   PROCESS OF ORGANIZING :   The process of organising consists of the following steps –   Identification of activities: Every enterprise is created with a specific purpose. Based on this, the activities involved can be identified. For example, in a manufacturing firm, producing goods and selling them are the major activities in addition to routine ... Read more