Federal Structure: Union-State relations.

The Indian constitution provides for a federal framework with powers (legislative ,executive and financial) divided between the center and the states. However, there is no division of judicial power as the constitution has established an integrated judicial system to enforce both the central laws as well as state law. The Indian federation is not the … Read more

Growth of Communalism

Definition Communalism is the belief that because a group of people follow a particular religion they have, as a result, common secular, that is, social, political and economic interests. Second stage: Secular interests of followers of one religion are dissimilar and divergent from the interests of the followers of another religion Third stage: The interests … Read more

Planning in India

Planning in India First Plan (1951 – 56) Target Growth : 2.1 % Actual Growth 3.6 % It was based on Harrod-Domar Model. Influx of refugees, severe food shortage & mounting inflation confronted the country at the onset of the first five year Plan. The Plan Focussed on agriculture, price stability, power and transport It … Read more

Poverty and Unemployment

Assessment of the growth experience: Poverty and Unemployment Poverty and unemployment are closely related High poverty has a multiplier effect on quality of life, deprivation, malnutrition, illiteracy and low human resource development. Poverty Poverty lines Normative nutritional requirement per person per day at some base point. This is debated 2400 cal (rural), 2100 cal (urban) … Read more

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