The British

Bureaucracy

In ancient and medieval India, there was monarchical form of government and the general administration was run by people having near or distant relationship with the King instead of dedicated bureaucracy . But gradually the administration assumed complexities and this required specialist knowledge.The British rulers established a new form of administration analogous to their own administrative system. The purpose of British administration in India was to establish law and order and to collect revenue. Max Weber described bureaucracy as rational and the most efficient form of organisation. He described an ideal-type of bureaucracy as one characterized by: 1. Officials organised ... Read more

Chhattisgarh under the Marathas

In 1742, Maratha Commander Bhasker Pant attacked this area and finishedHaihai dynasty. In the changing historic events Bhasker Pant was murderedbrutaly in Cuttack and Raghunath Singh once again became free frommarathas. Mohan Singh was seated on the throne and who ruled till 1758. In 1745 A.D. after conquering the region by Maratha, they deposed Raghunath Singhji, the last surviving member of the Ratanpur house. In 1758, the Marathas finally annexed Chhattisgarh, it came directly under Maratha rule and Bimbaji Bhonsle, was appointed the rule. After death of Bimbaji Bhonsle, the Marathas adopted the Suba system. The Maratha rule was a period ... Read more

Social Processes – Social Interaction, Co-operation, Struggle, Competition

Social Processes – Social Interaction, Co-operation, Struggle, Competition Social processes are the ways in which individuals and groups interact, adjust and readjust and establish relationships and pattern of behaviour which are again modified through social interactions. The concept of social process refers to some of the general and recurrent forms that social interaction may take. The interaction or mutual activity is the essence of social life. Interaction between individuals and groups occurs in the form of social process. Social processes refers to forms of social interaction that occur again and again. Types of Social Processes There are hundreds of social ... Read more

29-30.04.18 (CGPCS) Chhattisgarh Current Affairs

CHHATTISGARH 38 items filed in c’garh with investment worth rs 2,483 cr in 2017   A total of 38 Industrial Entrepreneurs Memorandum (IEM) were filed in Chhattisgarh with total investment of Rs 2,483 crore as on December 31, 2017.   This was compared to 50 IEMs filed with proposed investment of Rs 11,853 crores during 2016-17, as per the annual report 2017-18 of the Department of Industrial Promotion and Policy (DIPP).   A total of five Industrial Entrepreneurship Memorandum (IEM) (Part B) form were filed by the entrepreneurs for setting up projects and commencement of production in Chhattisgarh involving proposed  ... Read more

22-23.04.18 (CGPCS) Chhattisgarh Current Affairs

CHHATTISGARH Centre may apply for adb loan for c’garh road connectivity   The Central Government is planning to apply for a loan from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) for the Chhattisgarh Road Connectivity Project , official sources informed.   The project will improve road connectivity in the state of Chhattisgarh by rehabilitating and upgrading state highways and major district roads (MDRs) with an aggregate length of about 900 km. The project will also include enhancements on road maintenance, road safety, and innovations. A project implementation unit, established under the State PWD will implement the project.   Notably, PWD Minister Rajesh ... Read more

Lokpal and Lok Ayukta

Lokpal and Redressel of Citizens grievances:- Introduction: The central theme of democracy is that the ruler is accountable to the rules of all sorts of activities and policies. This has arisen due to the fact that the modern states are populous. Because of this and other reasons the direct democracy of ancient Greek city-states or of the Rousseauist model is out of question. Direct democracy may be inapplicable. But people’s grievances against the ruler cannot be ignored.   This view has come from the basic idea that the ruler or authority must explain to the people for any failure or ... Read more

Religious tolerance and Secularism

Secularism India is a multi religious and multi cultural country from its known history.Greatness of our nation is highlighted by the unity in diversity maintained by various sections of Indian society. Secularism in the multi-cultural, multi-lingual and plural society of India a significant role to play in reducing religious conflicts and persecution, upholding human rights and on the whole building a „strong‟ and „unified‟ nation. Secularism has its origin in western countries and it is related to the separation of the church from the state, which gives the state a position of neutrality between different religions, while at the same ... Read more

15.03.18 (CGPCS) Chhattisgarh Current Affairs

CHHATTISGARH 5,987 c’garh villages to have wifi by 2019   Chief Secretary Ajay Singh chaired a meeting of State-level Co-ordination Committee for BharatNet Project Phase-II at the Mantralaya.   The Chief Secretary reviewed in detail the works taken up to ensure network connectivity of all villages in the State by 2019.   Singh directed the officials to submit the information on status of the project from district, block and village panchayat levels alongwith the assessment of connectivity speed within a forthnight.   He also directed Chhattisgarh Infotech Promotion Society  (CHiPS) to hold training programmes at State an District levels.   ... Read more

Relation of East India Company with States

Paramountcy of the British Crown over the Princely States in India did not conform to any of the constitutionally recognized models of relationship between two powers, one dominant (British) and the other dominated (Princely States). It is pertinent to mention that Paramountcy was not an international relationship. However, Henry Maine did claim for the States quasi-international status. The reality that under Paramount power the States had no international life stood well established and none of them enjoyed an independent status. The princely States of India and their relations with the British Government offer no parallel or analogy to any institution ... Read more

Advent of Europeans and factors leading to the British Supremacy, Expansion of British Empire- Wars and diplomacy

Indian trade links with Europe started in through sea route only after the arrival of Vasco da Gama in Calicut, India on May 20, 1498. The Portuguese had traded in Goa as early as 1510, and later founded three other colonies on the west coast in Diu, Bassein, and Mangalore. In 1601 the East India Company was chartered, and the English began their first inroads into the Indian Ocean. At first they were little interested in India, but rather, like the Portuguese and Dutch before them, with the Spice Islands. But the English were unable to dislodge the Dutch from ... Read more