15 & 16.09.17 Chhattisgarh (CGPCS) Current Affairs

CHHATTISGARH 111 farmers committed suicide in last one-and-half year: Govt   The Chhattisgarh government  informed the state legislative assembly that 111 farmers have committed suicide during the last one-and-half year in the state.   The reply further said, family disputes, excess liquor consumption, frustrated over ailments and unknown reasons were the reasons behind the suicide. INTERNATIONAL   India up 2 spots on WEF Human Capital Index.   India has moved up two spots on the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) Human Capital Index 2017.   The country ranks 103rd of 130 countries, up from 105th the year before.   Norway leads the latest rankings, followed ... Read more

13 & 14.09.17 Chhattisgarh (CGPCS) Current Affairs

CHHATTISGARH Indian mouse deer spotted after 112 years in Chhattisgarh In a unique finding, the Chhattisgarh forest department found country’s smallest descendent of ungulate species known as Indian mouse deer in forests of Gariyaband district.   It’s after 112 years that Mouse Deer was spotted in state as it was last reported in 1905 as first evidence of its presence by a British from Raipur province of Central India.   The photographic evidence shows existence of smallest deer species recorded in Chhattisgarh for the first time while in 1905, its first evidence was collected by a British named Brook from Raipur province of central India.   ... Read more

11 & 12.09.17 Chhattisgarh (CGPCS) Current Affairs

CHHATTISGARH Venkaiah Naidu lays foundation for smart city project in Ranchi   Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu laid the foundation for building the nation’s first Greenfield smart city project in HEC of Ranchi. Speaking on the occasion, he said for the bright future, smart cities are a must where people get all the amenities of life including houses, roads, public transport, cleanliness alongwith medical and educational and employment facilities.   He said the city which would come up in HEC would be a no carbon zone. INTERNATIONAL   US Open: Sloane Stephens wins Women’s Singles Title   American Sloane Stephens ... Read more

09 & 10.09.17 Chhattisgarh (CGPCS) Current Affairs

CHHATTISGARH 96 tehsils in 21 districts declared drought-hit.   The Chhattisgarh government declared 96 tehsils from 21 districts — the state has 27 districts —drought-hit after receiving assessment reports from district collectors.   A state government release said it would take steps to counter the crisis, including issuing instructions for round-the-clock electricity for water pumps. The government also stated they are sending a proposal to the Centre to increase the number of labour days from 100 to 200 per family under MGNREGA. INTERNATIONAL   World’s first Dividing Retractable Football pitch at new stadium of Tottenham   Tottenham’s new stadium will include ... Read more

08.09.17 Chhattisgarh (CGPCS) Current Affairs

CHHATTISGARH Chhattisgarh government asks hospitals to go for digital payment   Chhattisgarhgovernment has directed the health department to ensure facility of cashless payment in all government district hospitals, civil hospitals, medical colleges, Ayush hospitals and private hospitals operational across the state. A directive in this regard was issued by health, family welfare and medical education department and a circular has been sent to the director of health services, directors of medical education and Ayush department. Officials have been directed to ensure that patient are not devoid of treatment facility in absence of cash.   INTERNATIONAL   India and Sri Lanka Begin Joint ... Read more

Buddhism : An introduction

Buddhism is a world religion and is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, who is known as the Buddha (literally the Enlightened One or Awakened One). Siddhārtha Gautama was the historical founder of Buddhism. After asceticism and meditation, he discovered the Buddhist Middle Way—a path of moderation away from the extremes of self-indulgence and self-mortification. Early texts suggest that Gautama was not familiar with the dominant religious teachings of his time until he left on his religious quest, which is said to have been motivated by existential concern for the human condition. Siddhartha was born in a royal Hindu ... Read more

Decentralized planning

Decentralized Planning is a type of planning where local organisations and institutions formulate, adopt, execute actions and supervise the plan without interference by the central body. Decentralized planning in the State operated mainly through the following institutions and instruments; Grama Sabha (GS): People’s participation in decentralization was sought to be ensured mainly through meetings of the GP ward level Grama Sabha, chaired by the ward member. There are following major dimensions of decentralization: (i) Financial:- the transfer of revenue, budgeting and expenditure authority to local elected bodies. (ii) Administrative:-the transfer of functional responsibilities in various sectors as well as staff ... Read more

State Finance Commission

The State Finance Commissions are required to recommend financial support from the state and principles for determination of taxes, tolls and fees that could be assigned to or appropriated by the local bodies Article 243I of the Indian Constitution prescribes that the Governor of a State shall, as soon as may be within one year from the commencement of the Constitution (Seventy-third Amendment) Act, 1992, and thereafter at the expiration of every fifth year, constitute a Finance Commission to review the financial position of the Panchayats and to make recommendations to the Governor as to The principles which should govern ... Read more

Local Governance: 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments.Types of Urban local bodies and Panchayati Raj institutions in India.Sources of Finance in Urban Local Bodies and Panchayati Raj Institutions.

The 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts, 1992, which gave Constitutional status to panchayati raj institutions (PRIs) and urban local bodies (ULBs) respectively, in both letter and spirit in order to bring about greater decentralisation and increase the involvement of the community in planning and implementing schemes and, thus, increase accountability. The Amendments left important matters such as implementation, service delivery (including local capacity building) and transfer of responsibilities and powers to rural local bodies at the discretion of the state legislatures. Consequently, while expenditure responsibilities of local bodies are extensively enhanced, there is no law to ensure a corresponding ... Read more

Framing of Indian Constitution

Making of the constitution 1934: Idea of constituent assembly put forward by M N Roy 1935: INC officially demands constituent assembly 1938: JL Nehru’s declaration on the constitution of India 1940: Nehru’s demand accepted in the form of August Offer August Offer PM: Winston Churchill While rejecting INCs demand for independence of India after the war on the ground that INC is not representative of the minorities, three offers were made Expansion of Viceroy’s executive council with the inclusion of Indian representatives An advisory body with the members from British India and Indian princely states which were supposed to meet ... Read more