Economy

1.06.18 (CGPCS) Chhattisgarh Current Affairs

CHHATTISGARH CM announces creation of three more new tehsils   Chief Minister Raman Singh announced creation of three new tehsils Lawan, Gandai and Rengakaar  in the State. Singh while addressing a massive public meeting attended by Baiga tribals at Sahaspur Lohara late last evening said that Lohara tank will be beautified and new bank branch will be opened at Jalmala. He later addressed meetings at Lawan, Chuhikadan and Sahaspur Lohara. The Chief Minister dedicated, laid foundation stones and performed ‘bhoomi pujan’ of 343 developmental works worth Rs 745 crore. He also distributed paddy loans worth Rs 121 .79 crore to ... Read more

Evolution of Public Administration as a discipline, new public administration

Evolution of Public Administration as a discipline, new public administration There are five stages in the chronology of the evolution of Public Administration as a discipline; these stages are theoretically driven as encapsulated below: Stage 1: politics administration dichotomy (1887-1926) Stage 2: principles of administration (1927-1937) Stage 3: era of challenge (1938-1947) Stage 4: crises of identity (1948-1970) Stage 5: public policy perspective (1971 onwards) The first stage was the manifestation of Woodrow Wilson’s view of politics – administration dichotomy (difference between two things as they are completely opposite). This led to a spurt in the interest of its studies in ... Read more

15.05.18 (CGPCS) Chhattisgarh Current Affairs

CHHATTISGARH Mahanadi row must be ended politically, not legally   The Mahanadi, which is the most important river for Odisha, is an interstate river. The total catchment area of the Mahanadi basin is 141,600 square kilometers, of which 54% is in Chhattisgarh, 46% in Odisha. In the monsoon, the Mahanadi’s discharge is almost the same as that of the Ganges. In the dry season, however, the river becomes a narrow channel. Before the construction of the Hirakud Dam in 1953, the river used to be called the ‘sorrow of Odisha’ for causing massive floods.   The average inflow of the Mahanadi into the ... Read more

Chhattisgarh: Changes in the sectoral distribution of income and employment

Chhattisgarh: changes in the sectoral distribution of income and employment The primary sector, more specifically agriculture and allied activities, forms the base of the State’s economy and provides livelihood to 80 percent of the rural population. The rural economy has a diversified base with agriculture and allied activities as the mainstay, accompanied by a thriving rural non-farm economy. According to the 2011 Census, the Work Force Participation Rate (WFPR) for the State is 46.5 percent. The rural WFPR is higher, at 50 percent, compared to the urban WFPR of 31 percent. Marginal workers constitute about 27.2 percent of the total ... Read more

Chhattisgarh: Structure and growth of Co-operatives and their shares in total credit adequacy and problems

Chhattisgarh: Structure and growth of Co-operatives and their shares in total credit adequacy and problems The cooperative banking sector is one of the main partners of Indian banking structure, the cooperative banks have more reach to the rural India, through their huge network of credit societies in the institutional credit structure. The cooperative sector has played a key role in the economy of the country and always recognized as an integral part of our national economy. Cooperatives have ideological base, economic objects with social outlook and approach. The cooperative covers almost all cent percent villages in India. The cooperative form ... Read more

Chhattisgarh: Demographic features and social backwardness of the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Backward classes and Minorities. Literacy and occupation structure

Chhattisgarh: Demographic features and social backwardness of the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Backward classes and Minorities. Literacy and occupation structure   Demographic features of chhatishgarh As per details from Census 2011, Chhattisgarh has population of 2.56 Crores, an increase from figure of 2.08 Crore in 2001 census. Total population of Chhattisgarh as per 2011 census is 25,545,198 of which male and female are 12,832,895 and 12,712,303 respectively. In 2001, total population was 20,833,803 in which males were 10,474,218 while females were 10,359,585.   The total population growth in this decade was 22.61 percent while in previous decade it was 18.06 percent. ... Read more

Economic reforms in india

Economic reforms in india New Industrial Policy Under Industrial Policy, keeping in view the priorities of the country and its economic development, the roles of the public and private sectors are clearly decided. Under the New Industrial Policy, the industries have been freed to a large extent from the licenses and other controls. In order to encourage modernisation, stress has been laid upon the use of latest technology. A great reduction has been effected in the role of the public sector.  Efforts have been made to encourage foreign investment. Investment decision by companies has been facilitated by ending restrictions imposed ... Read more

Structural changes in the Indian Economy ( GDP and work force)

Structural changes in the Indian Economy Change in composition of domestic product or change in national income by industry of origin refers to change in relative significance (share) of different sectors of the economy. Generally, an economy is divided into three major sectors viz. primary, secondary and tertiary sectors. Primary sector includes agricultural and allied activities, secondary sector includes manufacturing industries and tertiary sector includes services. With the development process, significance of primary sector declines while that of secondary and tertiary sectors increases. After independence, Indian economy has also experienced such changes. The share of primary sector in GDP at ... Read more

Pattern of Revenue Expenditure

Pattern of Revenue Expenditure In India, government expenditure – as per the provision in the Constitution – is divided into revenue expenditure and capital expenditure. However, the adoption of economic planning shifted emphasize on the division of expenditure into Plan and Non-Plan. The share of Non-Plan expenditure has remained close to 70% and that of Plan at 30% all these years. The Planning Commission, in the 11th Plan (2007-12) document prepared in 2007, had proposed abolition of this “illogical and dysfunctional” distinction citing several issues (mentioned later in the article). A high-level committee on Efficient Management of Public Expenditure, was ... Read more

06-07.05.18 (CGPCS) Chhattisgarh Current Affairs

CHHATTISGARH Ethnic tourist village at chitrakote & kurdar soon   The development of Ethnic Tourist Village at Chitrakote and Kurdar  will soon start in Chhattisgarh, officials informed.   The Central Government has put up the anticipated timeline for completion of the Tribal Tourism Circuit  in Chhattisgarh to be 2019-20.   The Tribal Tourism Circuit will provide an opportunity to the tourists to witness and experience tribal culture and traditions in Chhattisgarh, officials informed.   The key components for development under the project are ‘Ethnic Tourist Village’ and ‘Ethnic Tourist Development’, Destination Development and Wayside amenities.   The project would be ... Read more