Planning Commission

Pattern of Revenue Expenditure

Pattern of Revenue Expenditure In India, government expenditure – as per the provision in the Constitution – is divided into revenue expenditure and capital expenditure. However, the adoption of economic planning shifted emphasize on the division of expenditure into Plan and Non-Plan. The share of Non-Plan expenditure has remained close to 70% and that of Plan at 30% all these years. The Planning Commission, in the 11th Plan (2007-12) document prepared in 2007, had proposed abolition of this “illogical and dysfunctional” distinction citing several issues (mentioned later in the article). A high-level committee on Efficient Management of Public Expenditure, was ... Read more

Tribal Development : History, Programmes and Policies

Tribal welfare administration, Tribal sub plan and Single line administration in Chhattisgarh The tribal areas of Chhattisgarh though sparsely populated continue to receive special attention of the State Government primarily on account of their strategic location and comparative backwardness. The Tribal Sub Plan was started in 1974-75 in the State and entire tribal population was brought under the ambit of the Tribal Sub Plan by 1987-88. The strategy of Tribe sub-plan envisages channelizing an adequate flow of funds are benefits to ST’s from all sectors of development through the Annual Plans of States / UT and the Central Ministries atleast ... Read more

Administrative Reforms

Why is Administrative Reforms needed? Technological change Advances in industrialisation Growth in the number and complexity of governmental activities Changes in social, political and economic spheres of life All above have created extraordinary strains on the traditional machinery of the government Obsolescence of institutions, roles, procedures and processes in the government What are ways through which Administrative Reforms are done? There are three forms Traditional Approach: let the problem arise and then place a competent person to solve it. Aka Management process Committee Process: appoint ad hoc committee. Like the Hoover Commission in US and ARC in India Setting up ... Read more

Nature of Indian Constitution

Nature of Constitution The Modern State is considered to be a state for the welfare of the people. It is therefore, suggested that it should have a government of a particular form with appropriate powers and functions. The document containing laws and rules which determine and describe the form of the government, the relationship between the citizens and the government, is called a Constitution. As such a constitution is concerned with two main aspects the relation between the different levels of government and between the government and the citizens. A constitution is the basic fundamental law of a State. It ... Read more

16.12.17 Chhattisgarh (CGPCS) Current Affairs

CHHATTISGARH Plan to include all disabilities in health insurance schemes   Master plan to include differently abled persons in various health insurance schemes is on the anvil according to state planning commission, officials informed.   Chief minister  raman singh is keen on including all category of disabilities in the insurance scheme. There were deliberations in ‘sanwad programme’ at the yojana bhawan to include all citizens with disabilities in the health insurance schemes, they informed.   Prasanna said there are several afflictions relating to differently abled persons which are not treated at state government hospitals due to technical difficulties. There is ... Read more

Chhattisgarh Public Finance and fiscal Policy,

State of the Economy:- According to 14th Planning Commision, During the last two plan periods, Chhattisgarh had achieved a growth rate comparable to national level. For the first two years of Twelfth plan, its growth rate had been better than that of all India. Primary sector provides sustenance to nearly 80 per cent of the population and contributes nearly 30 per cent to GSDP. However, with 70 per cent area under rain-fed agriculture, uncertain monsoon conditions affect the income of rural population. The contribution of secondary sector to the GSDP has, in recent years, declined in terms of percentage, despite ... Read more

Urban spheres of influence and rural urban fringe

Urban spheres of influence and rural urban fringe Urban spheres of influence Urban spheres of influence reflect centre-to-hinterland relationship, compared with the non-central region, the centre assumes more complex economic functions, and provides more economic activities. Famous theoretical contributions to this research field are the Central Place Theory (Christaller, 1933), the extension to the Central Place Theory (Losch, 1940), the modification to the Central Place Theory (Isard, 1956), and An Economic Theory of Central Places. After verification and conceptual refinement of these classical literatures, it can be found that any study on delineating sphere of urban influence has been guided ... Read more

Planning commission and national development council

Planning commission and national development council Planning commission The Planning Commission was an institution in the Government of India, which formulated India’s Five-Year Plans, among other functions. Background Rudimentary economic planning, deriving from the sovereign authority of the state, was first initiated in India in 1938 by Congress President and Indian National Army supreme leader Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, who had been persuaded by Meghnad Saha to set up a National Planning Committee. M. Visvesvaraya had been elected head of the Planning Committee. Meghnad Saha approached the great engineer and requested him to step down. He argued that planning needed ... Read more

Poverty and Unemployment

Assessment of the growth experience: Poverty and Unemployment Poverty and unemployment are closely related High poverty has a multiplier effect on quality of life, deprivation, malnutrition, illiteracy and low human resource development. Poverty Poverty lines Normative nutritional requirement per person per day at some base point. This is debated 2400 cal (rural), 2100 cal (urban) Nutrient requirement then needs to be translated to monetary terms. Poverty has declined as per NSSO estimates. However, recent committees like the Tendulkar committee have reviewed the methodology of measuring poverty and concluded that poverty levels are much higher than those presented through the NSSO ... Read more